E-ISSN 1309-4866
Research Article
The Effects of the Addiction Programme of Probation on Treatment Motivation, Abstinence and Quality of Life: A Comparative Study with Motivational Interviewing and Individual Intervention
1 Ege Üniversitesi Madde Bağımlılığı, Toksikoloji ve İlaç Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İzmir, Türkiye  
2 Memorial Antalya Hastanesi, Psikiyatri Bölümü, Antalya, Türkiye  
3 Ege Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Psikiyatri Anabilim Dalı, İzmir, Türkiye  
Arch Neuropsychiatry ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/npa.2017.19440
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Key Words: Probation, substance dependence, motivational interviewing
Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Addiction Programme of Probation (APP) created by the Substance Abuse Treatment Commission of Ministry of Health.

 

Methods: The sample was consisted of probationers who were referred to … University by probation offices in February 2010. Literate probationers aged above 18, who fulfilled the SCID-I criteria for substance dependence or had positive urine sample for illegal drugs were included. The probationers were distributed respectively to three treatment groups: APP (n=28); Motivational Interviewing (MI; n=30); Individual Intervention (II; n=30). The effectiveness of the treatment modalities were assessed by the State Anxiety Inventory; the WHO Quality of Life-Brief form; the Treatment Motivation Questionnaire. Visual analogue and licert-type scales were used to assess the sense of the importance and the readiness of quitting drugs also the levels of craving. Urine toxicological analyses were performed fortnightly.

 

Results:  The APP increased the readiness of quitting drugs. The MI increased both the sense of importance and readiness of quitting drugs, decreased the frequency and severity of craving. The II improved the mental and physical health, increased the confidence in treatment also readiness of quitting drugs. Additionally, II decreased the level of anxiety, the severity, frequency and duration of craving. There was a significant decrease in positive urine samples of all groups.

 

 

Conclusion: Because of changing only “the level of being ready to quit substance abuse”, APP is thougth as an inadequate program compared with MI and II.

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