E-ISSN 1309-4866
Research Article
Risk Factors for Domestic Violence in Women and Predictors of Development of Mental Disorders in These Women
1 Adıyaman Üniversitesi Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Psikiyatri Kliniği, Adıyaman, Türkiye  
2 Bartın Devlet Hastanesi, Psikiyatri Kliniği, Bartın, Türkiye  
3 Tekirdağ Devlet Hastanesi, Çocuk ve Ergen Psikiyatri Kliniği, Tekirdağ, Türkiye  
4 Adıyaman Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Psikiyatri Anabilim Dalı, Adıyaman, Türkiye  
Arch Neuropsychiatry ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/npa.2017.19355
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Key Words: Domestic violence, mental disorder, women
Abstract

Introduction: Our aim was to investigate risk factors for domestic violence in women and predictors of mental disorders in these women.

 

Methods: We used random selection method and included 400 married women above 18 years of age living in Adiyaman province. Psychological violence from their spouses were evaluated by a questionnaire which included 13 Likert type items. Physical and sexual violence were evaluated using Likert type 5-point items. Depression scores of the women were evaluated by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and anxiety scores were evaluated by Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Suicidal ideas of the subjects were evaluated by 17 item Suicide Intent Scale and their suicide plans, attempts, thoughts, and risk of recurrence were evaluated by 4 item Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire.

 

Results: Fifty nine percent of the women (n=236) reported no violence, 22.8% (n=91) reported violence only from their spouses, 6.2% (n=25) reported violence from people other than spouse, and 12% (n=48) reported violence both from their spouses and other people. Logistic regression analysis showed that employment status of spouses, presence of medical/psychiatric illness in spouses, opinion of women about violence, and presence of psychiatric illness in women predicted domestic violence against these women from their spouses. Logistic regression analysis also revealed that education level, and presence of physical or sexual violence from their spouses predicted development of psychiatric disorders in women victims of domestic violence.

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Conclusion: This study showed that opinion of women about domestic violence, presence of a psychiatric disorder in women, employment status of spouse, and presence of a medical/psychiatric illness in spouse predicted physical violence against these women. In addition, education level, and presence of domestic violence from their spouses predicted development of psychiatric disorder in these women. Predictors of mental disorder development should be considered while evaluating these women victimized by domestic violence. 

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