E-ISSN 1309-4866
Research Article
Psychotherapy: Is it the Three Monkeys in Mental Health Service Provision?
1 Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Aydın, Türkiye  
2 Nazilli Devlet Hastanesi, Psikiyatri Kliniği, Aydın, Türkiye  
3 Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Psikoloji Bölümü, Aydın, Türkiye  
Arch Neuropsychiatry ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/npa.2017.13785
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Key Words: Mental health care, psychotherapy, prevalence of psychotherapy use

Introduction: The purpose of the study was to investigate the rates of knowledge, demand and reception of and having been recommended for psychotherapy in psychiatric outpatients together with the effects of sociodemographic variables on these issues.


Methods: Participants of the study were 240 psychiatric outpatients (Women = 170, 70.8%, Men = 70, 29.2%). Data for mental health services were collected from a subgroup of 103 (42.9%) patients who reported having had received psychiatric help before. All participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire containing questions about various forms of psychiatric services.


Results: Of all participants, 40.83% reported having heard of psychotherapy a couple of times before, mostly (44.58%) from the media and only 3.33% from a professional. While most participants with experience of psychiatric outpatient clinic (72.8%) reported having first received psychiatric help from a state hospital or a psychiatrist (93.2%), the proportion of those who reported having received help from a psychologist was 17.4%.  It was observed that no participant demanded psychotherapy and only 5 (4.86%) participants were recommended psychotherapy by mental health professionals. It is understood that after reading the description of psychotherapy as given in the forms, only 7 (6.79%) of 20 (19.41%) patients who perceived the help they got in any health care center as psychotherapy mentioned that the treatment they got fits the given definition and can be called psychotherapy. All of these patients declared that they have taken both their medication and psychotherapy at the same time.  So %2.91 of 240 participants received psychotherapy that fits the given definition.



Conclusion: Findings from this study have provided valuable insights into the participants’ level of knowledge for psychotherapy, general outlook of help they received and the application of psychotherapy in psychiatric outpatient services. 

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