E-ISSN 1309-4866
Research Article
Two Branches of the Same Tree: A Brief History of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society (1914-2016)
1 Department of History of Medicine and Ethics, Acıbadem University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Department of Psychiatry, Bakırköy Training and Research Hospital for Psychiatry, Neurology and Neurosurgery, İstanbul, Turkey  
3 Former Museum Coordinator, Bakırköy Mental Hospital Museum, İstanbul, Turkey  
Arch Neuropsychiatry ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/npa.2017.17046
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Key Words: History, history of medicine, history of neuropsychiatry, 20th century history

Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities that the Society has undertaken during all these years.


Method: First of all, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can shed a light on the history of the society has been brought together. The founding records, regulations, the journals, and congress booklets of Tababet-i Akliye ve Asabiye Cemiyeti (Society of Psychiatry and Neurology) have been examined and the newspapers of the period have been reviewed so as to collect news concerning congresses and meetings. Besides, oral history interviews have been conducted with regard to the recent history of the society.


Results: Although the roots of neuropsychiatry in Turkey date back to mid-19th century, the first society, which was called Tababet-i Akliye ve Asabiye Cemiyeti (Society of Psychiatry and Neurology), was founded in 1914. The Society now maintains its activities under the name Türk Nöropsikiyatri Derneği (Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society). Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society has organized monthly meetings, conferences, and national congresses and has also published numerous scientific journals in the field of neuropsychiatry over the past century.



Conclusion: As one of the earliest societies of medical specialty in Turkey, Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society has played a crucial role in the development and institutionalization of psychiatry and neurology. The administration and activities of the society took place in the following institutions respectively: Toptaşı Asylum (1914-1925), Bakırköy (1925-1955), and Çapa (Psychiatry Clinic of Medical Faculty of Istanbul University). The Society was mainly composed of psychiatrists and neurologists; however neurosurgeons, psychologists and neuropsychologists also attended the congresses and meetings of the Society.

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