E-ISSN 1309-4866
Research Article
Evaluation of Optical Coherence Tomography Results and Cognitive Functions in Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome
1 Adıyaman Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Nöroloji Anabilim Dalı, Adıyaman, Türkiye  
2 Adıyaman Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Psikiyatri Anabilim Dalı, Adıyaman, Türkiye  
3 Özel Muayene, Nöroloji, Adıyaman, Türkiye  
4 Adıyaman Üniversitesi Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Nöroloji Kliniği, Adıyaman, Türkiye  
Arch Neuropsychiatry ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/npa.2017.21598
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Key Words: Restless legs syndrome, optic coherence tomography, cognition
Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether retinal neural network was impaired and cognitive functions were disturbed in restless legs syndrome (RLS) considering the hypothesis that there may be a dysfunction in dopaminergic pathways in RLS like in Parkinson’s disease. Therefore, we evaluated retinal neural network with optical coherence tomography (OCT) and presence of cognitive impairment with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA).

 

Method: OCT evaluations were performed for 30 RLS patients and 30 healthy controls. Ganglion cell complex was segmented to retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), and inner plexiform layer (IPL) automatically by the device and recorded. Additionally, all the patients and the controls were evaluated using MOCA.

 

Results: No statistically significant difference was detected between RLS and controls in RNFL, GCL, IPL, and choroidal thicknesses. However, total MOCA score and all of its subscale scores were significantly lower in the RLS patients compared with the controls.   No significant correlation was detected between OCT and MOCA parameters.

 

Conclusion: No degeneration was detected in retinal neurons (RNFL, GCL, and IPL) of RLS patients. However, impairments were seen in MOCA total and subscale scores of these patients. On the other hand, no significant correlation was detected between MOCA scores and RNFL, GCL, or IPL thicknesses. These findings suggest decrease in cognitive functions of RLS patients probably due to dopaminergic dysfunction regardless of anatomical neural degeneration. Longitudinal follow-up studies are warranted to evaluate whether neuronal degeneration will develop. 

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