E-ISSN 1309-4866
Research Article
Efficacy of Diet Restriction on Migraine
1 Department of Neurology, Private Liv Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
2 Department of Neurology, Ankara Mevki Military Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
3 Department of Neurology, Mersin University School of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
Arch Neuropsychiatry ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/npa.2016.15961
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Key Words: Migraine, headache, food, diet, elimination
Abstract

Introduction: Migraine is a common type of headache, but its pathogenesis is still not fully understood. Triggering factors may vary in migraine patients with a particular importance of certain food intake. In this study, the efficacy of certain triggering food limitations triggering migraine in the prevention of migraine attacks was investigated.

 

Methods: Patients diagnosed with migraine without aura according to International Classification of Headache were enrolled. Fifty migraine patients stating that migraine attack started after the intake of certain foods were evaluated. The patients were divided into 2 groups randomly. The foods triggering migraine identified for patients were excluded from the diet in both group 1 (N=25) and group 2 (N=25). Attack frequency in a month, attack duration and attack severity (by using the Visual Analogue Scale) were recorded before starting the diet restriction and 2 months after the diet restriction. Diet restriction was released in group 1 after the second month; and continued in group 2, and in the 4th month, attack frequency in a month, attack duration and attack severity (using the Visual Analogue Scale) were determined in both groups.

 

Results: A total of 50 patients consisting of 9 males and 41 females were evaluated in this study.  In both groups, in the 2nd month after the diet application, attack frequency in a month, attack duration and attack severity were found  to be statistically lower to a significant extent compared to the period before diet implementation [group 1 (P=0.011, P=0.041, P=0.003, respectively), group 2 (P=0.015, P=0.037, P=0.003, respectively)]. In the evaluation in the fourth month, it was observed that this significance continued only in group 2. 

 

Conclusion: The results of the study reveal that if the foods triggering migraine attacks are identified in migraine patients, restricting these foods from the diet can be an effective and reliable treatment method to reduce migraine attacks.

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