E-ISSN 1309-4866
Original Article.
Cranial Autonomic Features in Migraine and Migrainous Features in Cluster Headache
1 Department of Neurology, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Department of Pediatrics, Child Neurology Unit, Haseki Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
3 Department of Neurology, Mersin University School of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
4 Department of Neurology, İstanbul Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
5 Department of Biostatistics, Mersin University School of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
Arch Neuropsychiatry ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/npa.2016.19183
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Key Words: Migraine, cluster headache, cranial autonomic symptoms, migrainous features, trigeminovascular system
Abstract

Introduction: Limited data about the importance of cranial autonomic features of migraines and migrainous features of cluster headaches are available.

Methods: We enrolled 2955 patients with migraine and 93 patients with cluster headache. We explored the autonomic features, including ptosis, lacrimation, rhinorrhea, facial swelling, conjunctival injection, and pupil changes. The presence of migrainous features, such as nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and phonophobia, in cluster headache patients were noted.

Results: Migraine patients with underlying autonomic symptoms (MwuAS) and those without differed significantly. Unilaterality, periocular localization of headaches provoked by starvation, and history of abdominal pain significantly increased the risk of MwuAS. The parameters with the highest sensitivity (94.38%) and specificity (99.89%) for the diagnosis of MwuAS were lacrimation, facial swelling, and conjunctival injection.

Conclusion: Migraine and cluster headache are considered two different entities with different pathophysiologies. The assessment of autonomic symptoms is essential, and specialists must consider such an overlap in clinical practice in order to obtain accurate prevalence rates. In particular, lacrimation, conjunctival injection, and facial swelling are widely experienced by migraineurs.

 

 

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